In the process of migrating the website I needed to catch old URLs and map them to the locations of the documents on the new website. Deploy a .htaccess file in the root of the website and introduce Redirect 301’s.
Well for the static mappings yes.
Redirect 301 /2009/ /blog/
However to avoid having to implement lines for every single permutation mod_write allows to regex matching and re-writing.
Firstly it is neccessary to enable mod_rewrite which for me on Ubuntu means:
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo service apache2 restart
Don’t forget to insert ‘AllowOverride All’ in the ‘<Directory nn>’section. Then it is possible to add the following to the .htaccess file.
RewriteRule ^20[0-9]/$ /blog/ [R=301]
In this case the important thing to remember is that the initial slash for the webpage is removed, so don’t match on ‘^/blah/$’ but instead ‘^blah/$’. This took a little while to figure out what was going on when I first implemented this. Also logging has changed since installed a web server from scratch, ‘RewriteLog’ has been depricated, you must now use ‘LogLevel alert rewrite:trace3’ or whichever level you require. Which can be applied to the ‘<Directory nn>’ section.
More details can be found on the apache website:
- https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_rewrite.html – for RewriteEngine
- https://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/core.html#loglevel – for details on LogLevel